What Causes Cradle Cap?
The precise cause of the rash is not known; however, Pityrosporum ovale (a yeast) is believed to play a role in this condition.
How Can Cradle Cap Treated?
How Can Cradle Cap Be Prevented?
In most cases, frequent shampooing with a mild baby shampoo can prevent cradle cap from coming back once it has cleared up. A stronger medicated shampoo may be needed in some cases, but seek the advice of your doctor regarding the use of these shampoos. Most children outgrow cradle cap by the time they are 6 months old.
Health Tips for Kids - Childhood Skin Problems.
Fifth disease usually affects school-aged children.
What Causes Fifth Disease?
The virus that causes Fifth disease is transmitted by sneezing or coughing. The disease is only contagious before the rash appears.
What Are the Symptoms of Fifth Disease?
Flu- and cold-like symptoms such as coughing, runny nose, fever, generalized aches and pains in joints and muscles, loss of appetite, and irritability.
A facial rash that looks as if the cheeks have been slapped; the rash is not painful but is warm to the touch.
Spreading of the rash to the thighs and arms.
How Is Fifth Disease Diagnosed?
In most cases, a doctor can diagnose Fifth disease by seeing the typical rash during a physical exam. To confirm the diagnosis, a blood test may be done to look for antibodies to parvovirus.
How Can Fifth Disease Treated?
There is no treatment for the disease itself, but medications like Tylenol or Advil can treat the symptoms. Health Tips for Kids - Childhood Skin Problems. Those who have Fifth disease should drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
What Causes Roseola?
Roseola can be caused by two common and closely related viruses: human herpes virus (HHV) type 6 and type 7. These two viruses belong to the same family as the herpes simplex viruses. However, HHV-6 and HHV-7 do not cause the cold sores and genital herpes infections that HSV can cause. Roseola is contagious and spreads through tiny drops of fluid from the nose and throat of infected people. Someone who has not yet developed symptoms often spreads the infection.
What Are the Symptoms of Roseola?
Health Tips for Kids - Childhood Skin Problems. The child may be fussy or irritable during this time, may have a weak appetite, and may have swollen glands (lymph nodes) in the neck.
In many cases, the high fever abruptly stops and a rash appears on the child's body at about the same time. The rash is made up of flat or raised pinkish-red spots and appears on the torso. The spots turn white when touched. Individual spots may have lighter areas or "halos" around them. Usually, the rash spreads to the face, legs, arms, and neck.
How Is Roseola Diagnosed?
To diagnose roseola, a doctor will take a history and do a thorough physical exam. A diagnosis of roseola is often uncertain until the fever goes down and a rash appears. As a result, the doctor may order tests to make sure that the fever is not caused by another type of infection.
How Can Roseola Treated?
In most cases, roseola does not require treatment other than trying to bring down a high fever. Antibiotics cannot treat roseola because it is caused by a virus.
Acetaminophen (such as Tylenol) or ibuprofen (such as Advil or Motrin) can help to reduce your child's fever. Avoid giving aspirin to a child because the use of aspirin in such cases has been associated with the development of Reye's syndrome, which can lead to liver failure. A sponge or towel soaked in cool water may help comfort the child until the fever drops. Ice, cold water, alcohol rubs, cold baths, and fans should be avoided.
Encourage your child to drink clear fluids such as water with ice chips, children's electrolyte solutions, flat sodas like ginger ale (stir room-temperature soda until the fizz disappears), or clear broth. Fluids decrease the risk of dehydration.
Call your child's doctor if your child is lethargic, not drinking, or if you cannot keep his fever down. Seek emergency care immediately if your child has a seizure.
Can Roseola Be Prevented?
There is no known way to prevent the spread of roseola. The infection usually affects young children but rarely adults. Therefore, it is thought that exposure to roseola in childhood may provide some lasting immunity to the illness. Repeat cases of roseola may occur, but they are not common.
Please read our previous post Health Tips for Women - Thyroid Symptoms and Solutions
Also some of our related post Health Tips for Kids